- Beehive - bee-hive
- Bees were kept in man -made hives as far back as 2422 BC in Egpyt
- Workers are depicted blowing smoke into hives as the removed honeycombs on the walls of the Egyptian Sun temple of Nyuserre ini
- a structure in which some honey bee species of the subgenus Apis live and raise their young
- in the wild Honey Bees use Caves, Rock cavities and Hollowed trees as natrual nesting sites.
- in warmer climates they may occasionally build exposed hanging nests.
- Inside a hive four products are made: Propolis, Honey, Beeswax, and Royal Jelly.
- A hive's internal structure is densley packed groups of hexagonal prismatic cells made of beeswax, called "Comb" "Honey Comb" or "Brood Comb"
- These Cell's house Either food (honey and pollen) or Brood (Eggs, Larvae and Pupae) as a result they are either refered to as "Brood Comb" or "Honey Comb"
- Some of the Purposes hives serve are:
- Honey Production
- Pollination of crobs
- houseing supply bees for Apitherapy treatments
- Producing Bee's for sale
- Traditional beehives simply provided an enclosure for the bee colony.
- no internal structures were provided for the bees
- bees created their own honeycomb within the hives
- The comb is often cross-attached and cannot be moved without destroying it.
- sometimes called a fixed-frame hive
- Harvest generally destroyed the hives
- though there were some adaptations using extra top baskets which could be removed when the bees filled them with honey.
- These were gradually supplanted with box hives of varying dimensions, with or without frames, and finally replaced by newer modern equipment.
- Honey from traditional hives was typically extracted by pressing
- crushing the wax honeycomb to squeeze out the honey.
- Due to this harvesting
- traditional beehives typically provided more beeswax, but far less honey, than a modern hive.
- Four Traditional hives were:
- Mud Hives
- Bee Gums
- still used in Egypt and Siberia.
- These are long cylinders made from a mixture of unbaked mud, straw, and dung
- But the “Mud and Clay” beehive is actually the most ancient type of hive built and used by commercial beekeepers.
- Throughout the Mediterranean, including ancient Egypt, the Middle East, Greece, Italy, and Malta, unbaked mud, straw, clay and dung were shaped into a long tubes
- something like the modern baked clay tile.
- These tubes provided hives for domesticated honeybees with the bees building their combs in the tubes.
- The ancient, and some modern, beekeepers stacked the tubes to provide a dense neighborhood of hives
- Both ends of the tube-hives were left open. When the time came to harvest the honey, the beekeeper would “smoke” one of the open ends of the tube to drive the bees to the other end. This allowed the keeper to harvest the honey.
- This method is still used, today, throughout the Mediterranean. But, today, baked clay tiles have largely replaced the unbaked mud,straw and dung tubes.